Cuban Missile Crisis
Its not hard to imagine a world where at any given moment, you and everyone you know could be wiped out without warning, at the push of a button. This was the reality for millions of people during the 45 year period after the ww2, now known as the cold war.
As the United state and the soviet union faced of across the globe, each knew that the other had nuclear weapons capable of destroying it. And disturction never loomed closer than during the 13 daysof the Cuban Missile Crisis. In 1961 the US unsuccessfully tried to overthrow cubas new comuniost government. That failed attempt was known as the Bay of Pigs. And it convinced Cuba to seek help from the USSR.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev was happy to comply, by secretly deploying nuclear missiles to cuba. Not only to protect the island, but to contract the us missiles in Italy and in turckey. By the time the US inteleggence discovered the plan the materials to create the missiles were already in place.
At an emergency meering at October 16 , 1962 militiary advisers urged an airstike missile sights, and invasion of the island. But president John F Kennedy chose a more careful approach. ON October 22 he announced that the us navy would intercept all shipment to cuba, There was just one problem, a naval blockade was considered an act of war. Altough the president called it a Quarantin , that did not block basic nececities, the soviets didn’t apreciete the distinction. IN an outraged letter to Kennedy Khrushchev wrote the violation of freedom to use the international waters and international airspace is an act of aggression which pushes mankind toward the Abyss of world nuclear missile war. After that ensude the most intense 6 days of the cold war. While the US demanded the removal of the Missiles, Cuba and the USSR insisted that were only defensive. And as the weapons continued to be armed, The US prepared for possible invasion. ON October 27 1962 a spy plane pilotated by major Rudolf Anderson was shot down by a Soviet missile, The same day a nuclear- armed soviet submarine was hit by a small-depth charge from u US navy vessel trying to signal it to come up. The commanders on the sub too deep to communicate whit the surface, thought war had begun and prepared to launch a nuclear torpedo. That decision had to be made unanimously by three officers.
The captiain and political officer both authorized the launch,but Vasili Arkhipov second in command, refused, his decision saved the day and perhaps the world. But the crises was nt over for the first time the US military set itself to defcon 2, the defence readiness one step away from nuclear war. With hundreds of nuclear missiles ready to launch, but diplomacy carried on. In Washington DC attorney General Robert kennedy, secretly met whit Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobryin, After intense negotiation, they reached the following proposal. The US would remove their missiles from turckey and Italy and promice to never invade cuba in exchangefor the Soviet to whithdray from cuba under UN inspection. Once the meeting had concluded, Dobryinin cabled Moscow saying time is of the essence and we shouldn’t miss the chance. And at 9 am the next day , a messenger arrived from Khrushchev anouncning th e Soviet missiloie would be removed from cuba. The crises was now over. While criticizes at the tume by their respective governmetns for barfaining with the enemy, contemporary historicl analysis shows great admiration for Kennedys and Khrushchevs ability to diplomatically solve the crisis. But the disturbing lesson was that a slight communication erroror split=second decision by commander coul have thwarted all their efforts, as it nearly did if not for Vasili Arkhipovs courageous choice. The Cuban missile Crisis revealed just how fragile human politics are compared to the terrifying power they can unleash.
Every action we take, wanted or unwanted, it’s followed by an amount of motivation. But what is this motivation, that determines us to do the stuff? Well in dictionaries Motivation is described as A reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way, Desire or willingness to do something; enthusiasm. Well, that does cover the word, however, because all of us are different and unique our motivations are as well as different. Everyone has different motivations, the different ways of getting motivation, but for everyone, there is a motivation to do something. For me, Motivation isn’t something that’s hard to find. I get excited to do everything. It’s not a problem. The main problem for me is keeping the motivation. So today I am going to talk about "How to keep your motivation going!"
First, you need to Remind yourself of your goals. This way you won't forget about your goal and how much you want it. Usually, before devoting time to any specific attempt, we tend to make short- and long-term goals. Remember to keep your goals realistic, that way you won't be saddened if you don't reach them. That doesn't mean you can't push and challenge yourself though, if you don't challenge yourself, then it's not really a goal. If you start to lose sight of your goals, then you may be less motivated than if you were always checking to see how much closer you are getting throughout the whole process. Keeping track of your goals and checking your progress can help keep you motivated day in and day out.
Make weekly checkpoints to track your progress. Everyone needs to see how they are keeping up with their goals if they want to stay motivated. If you see that you are on track or even, you will be motivated and happy that you are getting there. If you see that you are lagging on your goals, it may be the kick start you need to help get you back on track.
Don't be too hard on yourself. Every goal has a success and failure, the important thing is to continue after the failure to reach success. Everyone has their ups and downs, it’s okay to fail you just have reminded yourself of your goal to keep the motivation.
I also think that giving yourself Breaks is also important. When you get overwhelmed it is more likely you will lose your motivation, therefore, you won't reach your goal.
My last advice is when you feel like you are losing your motivation always try to watch or read motivational speeches or stories. Everyone deserves a great pep talk every once in a while. I often feel like this so I can assure you, it always helps to have a little help.
The Evolution of Religion: Faith, Myths, and Mysticism
Designed by Simon E. Davies from the Human Odyssey, The Evolutionary Tree of Religion provides a timeline for the origins of faith, myths, and mysticism dating as far back as 40,000 BCE to the modern day and spread all across the globe.There are roughly 4,200 known religions in the world, which often drive morality, ethics, laws, and lifestyle. Many of these religions have narratives, symbols, traditions, and histories that are intended – for better or worse – to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe.Of course, the graphic does not contain all 4,200, but still represents some of the more historically significant faiths.
Նախագծված Սիմոն Դեվիսի կողմից Մարդկային Ոդիսականից «Կրոնների էվոլուցյոն ծառը» ցույց է տալիս հավատքի, առասպելի եւ միսիստության ծագման ժամանակացույցը մ․թ․ա․ 40,000 թվականից մինչ ներկա ժամանակը և տարածվում է ամբողջ աշխարհում։
Մոտավորապես աշխարհում կան 4,200 ճանաչված կրոն, որոնք հաճախակի վարում են բարոյականություն, էթիկա, օրենքներ և ապրելակերպ։ Այս կրոննեից շատերը ունեն պատմություններ, սիմվոլներ, ծեսեր և պատմական դեպքեր, որոնք նախատեսված են ՝ լավ թե վատ կյանքինիմաստ տալու կամ էլ բացատրելու կյանքի և տիեզերքի ծագումը։
Իհարկե, պատկերում նշված չեն ամբողջ 4,200ը, բայց այն ներկայացնում է պատմական նշանակություն ունեցող հավատքներից մի քանիսը:
Today I chose to write about how I see our country’s architecture.Well because I am fascinated with general architecture, I can say that Yerevan is a city filled with an amazing architecture. Armenia has an architectural style that is very unique in its own way. I bet every one of you has a unique building that they feel connected to. Wheather r it is your home or just some pretty building its there. When talking about Armenia's architecture, I always like to take them apart as eras.
The ancient times, Soviet Union, and modern. Armenia entered a new phase of architectural development with the adoption of Christianity as a state religion in 301 A.C. City building and other forms of architecture entered a new and long-lasting developmental phase while persevering older traditions. From ancient time the only thing that has survived is a small part of the religious places. After that comes Soviet. 1920, with the founding of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Yerevan became the site of fast urban transformation in accordance with the state’s new ideology. Such high-rise building blocks replaced the bazaars, baths, mosques and churches that had made up the fabric of the city. Much like in other post-Soviet states, these blocks remain the predominant source of housing. Following the Sovietization of Armenia in 1920, two architectural directions competed for dominance: the national and the modern. This twin-track of architecture produced various phases of Armenian architecture, even during the short Soviet period. In Armenia today one can easily see the differences in style between the nations; the Government Buildings of Republic Square, the State Opera House, the Matenadaran, the Genocide Monument, and the modern: the Youth Palace, the Sports complex, the Ararat movie theatre, and the Zvartnots Airport.
our architecture is mostly connected to our history, we can easily see the change of those both things reflected on one another. There are so many details to our architecture, that most of us don’t see it, but when we give attention to these things we find a lot of small but beautiful features.
These ones are for Izmir, But I thought I can use them as they are in English.
About my Summer Plans
Now I honestly feel very bad admitting that astronomy didnt interest me when i was growing up. Well, that’s not all true. When I was too young and small, I remembered myself asking my mother for answers. Answers about our universe. Questions that are still just a question to the world. But sadly as a, I grew older the urge in knowing all the answers in me faded. Until the beginning of this year. When I founded myself fascinated with Physics and Astronomy. I can assure you it’s never late to find new interests, to find new ways. And my new way is Izmir’s space camp. Where I am hoping to learn a lot, have new experiences, and probably have the best time of 15 years of my life. I know my expectations are very high, but I mean this is a Space Camp, how can my expectations not be high. This opportunity is filled with countless goods. For me I am mostly looking forward to learning, Secondly, it’s the cultural difference between me and the friends I hope to make. Understanding and learning about someone’s culture are like an endless journey, you never stop finding new and interesting things about one and the other. The training and learning about the technologies, developing teamwork and leadership are the best way for us young people to get into science and astronomy. So as you can understand Izmir’s space camp is a very big deal to me, and I would like to participate in it.
Our Future in 300 years(with our without war)
There is always this “rumour” that in the future, their won't be wars, there won't be any hate. The earth will live in peace, and the people will love each other. But I mean, hasn’t History taught us anything?. We have been living on this planet for 2 million years(maybe less, maybe more) and we still live in a world where we like to imagine the future our saviour, our hope. What will take to understand that without changing the present, we won't change the future? Our every move, our actions are going to affect our future. The future doesn’t control us, we control our future. However, we all sit around thinking about the greatness of the Future. So I don’t like to talk about the future, I like to think about the consequences of my actions, not the other way around. Because our actions decide the future, not the future decides our actions.
Astronauts and their almost unbelievable livesI believe as we get older, our questions in life pretty much leads to this question (What job do I want to do?) And let me tell you it is very annoying to find a Passion. It’s a cool word, isn’t it? Passion, it’s that map leading to your treasure, right! Except that the map is very hard to find. It’s almost exhausting trying to find something that you will enjoy doing. Something that will give you fulfilment, satisfaction. The more I look into this stuff, the more I get lost in it. All the jobs in the world and almost each of them is very much similar to the other. But except one job. Astronauts, sometimes feel like it’s not a real job. I honestly think astronauts are like superheroes with big helmets and puffy clothes. Sure it’s not the ideal case, but their job is so interesting and risky, that I I have always had the feeling that they’re not real. One thing I like to do. Is to find letters and photos of astronauts. Which are very interesting by the way. Their missions, their days in space, their thoughts, everything is summed up in those letters. I strongly recommend reading this letters. Because for me their job takes the more courage, the more will, and at the end, you end up going to a trip to outer space. If that’s not a passion then what is?First Impressions
So before telling you the topic, I will discuss, let's imagine a scenario.` You want to read a book, so you go to a bookstore to buy a book, you don’t have any specific book on your mind, you’re just searching. Now let’s imagine you have found 2 books, they are the same, the same prize, same story. But the first one’s cover is colourful, it’s trendy, and you know it’s like a new edition. So we can say like it’s a petty book. The second one is just like pages put together. It doesn’t have any cover, it’s old and it’s not in very bad condition, but you can still read it. Now when you want to buy a book, you will obviously choose the pretty one.
As for me "Don’t judge a book by its cover. It doesn’t make any sense. Because literally the covers are there so we can judge it. And unfortunately, we live in a society where everything we do is and will be judged. What you do, what you wear, how you act, everything, want it or not is going to be judged.
So basically knowing this, we try to fit in with other expectations, so we won't be too much judged. Like even our social media. Like it or not, if you have an account you become a public figure, so people can easily judge you before even meeting you. They can make an opinion about you based on your profile. Which for example for me sucks because my profile doesn’t represent me, it says nothing about me, because for me Social Media is just somewhere I am connected with my friends. Everything we do is going to be judged whether we like it or not. So we have to learn how to make others have a positive judgement about us.
First impressions stick around, well actually bad first impressions stick around. Let me tell you how.
Imagine you are at a football match, a very loud person is sitting next to you, he spills his drink on you, he makes fun of your team, and he is very annoying. So now you have made a first impression of this guy, and it’s not positive. Days later, you are caring a lot of heavy bags, and who shows up to help you the same guy from the football game, now you have a second impression and it’s positive. So your brains basically like counts all this so it can guess the future actions of the person in the future. And unfortunately the bad weighs more than the good, this happens because of your brain. the bad is more revealing and the good is not so much as good as normal. Anyone could have helped you, it was what a decent human being would have done. So you cant change your impression based on a good impression. Although when talking about skills and abilities, the impression can change. For example, when a football player scores a goal, it has more impact then if he misses it. So, in conclusion, first impressions are very important both in work and in personal life. So I’ll tell you to make great and memorable impressions, but trust your impressions of other both equally and fair.
How to make a good impression
Now all this impression stuff is all about delivering the right message to the other person
We all know this, what matters to make a good impression, the posture, confidence, how you are dressed, you know… But for me I am not a confident person, and in personal life I don’t find it right to fake it and become like a confident person, because that’s not me, sure at work it matters but in your personal life my advise is just try to be yourself, try to deliver you description clear. And while making impressions of others give everyone a chance.
No one needs an introduction for this great man. He was the first democratically elected President of South Africa. He was the leader and the face of the Anti- Apartheid movement and all through his life, he relentlessly fought against racial discrimination. For his actions, he served a long prison sentence but even that did not deter him. He came out as a hero and led the country into a free, equal future. His determination, focus and will-power were tremendous that even after serving almost 30 years in jail, he got out and worked again for what was right.
NELSON MANDELA’S CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, into a royal family of the Thembu tribe in the South African village of Mvezo, where his father, served as chief. His motherwas the third of his father four wives, who together bore him nine daughters and four sons. After the death of his father in 1927, 9-year-old Mandela was adopted by the leader of the Tembu tribe. He grew Nelson for leadership and sent him to the finest schools.
The first in his family to receive a formal education, Mandela completed his primary studies at a local missionary school. There, a teacher gave him the name Nelson as part of a common practice of giving African students English names.
After learning that his guardian had arranged a marriage for him, Mandela fled to Johannesburg and started to work.while completing his bachelor’s degree by correspondence. He studied law at the University of Witwatersrand, where he became involved in the movement against racial discrimination and forged key relationships with black and white activists. In 1944, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC). That same year, he met and married his first wife, Evelyn Ntoko Mase , with whom he had four children before their divorce in 1957.
NELSON MANDELA AND THE ARMED RESISTANCE MOVEMENT
In 1961, Nelson Mandela co-founded and became the first leader of (“Spear of the Nation”), also known as MK, a new armed wing of the ANC. Several years later, during the trial that would put him behind bars for nearly three decades, he described the reasoning for this radical departure from his party’s original tenets: “t would be wrong and unrealistic for African leaders to continue preaching peace and nonviolence at a time when the government met our peaceful demands with force. It was only when all else had failed, when all channels of peaceful protest had been barred to us, that the decision was made to embark on violent forms of political struggle.”
Life behind bars
Nelson Mandela spent the first 18 of his 27 years in jail at the brutal Robben Island Prison, , where he was confined to a small cell without a bed or plumbing and compelled to do hard labor in a lime quarry. As a black political prisoner, he received scantier rations and fewer privileges than other inmates. He was only allowed to see his wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (1936-), who he had married in 1958 and was the mother of his two young daughters, once every six months. Mandela and his fellow prisoners were routinely subjected to inhumane punishments for the slightest of offenses. On February 11, 1990, Mandela was released.
NELSON MANDELA AS PRESIDENT OF SOUTH AFRICA
After his freedom, Nelson Mandela led the ANC in its negotiations with the governing National Party and various other South African political organizations for an end to apartheid and the establishment of a multiracial government. Though fraught with tension and conducted against a backdrop of political instability, the talks earned Mandela and de Klerk the Nobel Peace Prize in December 1993. On April 26, 1994, more than 22 million South Africans turned out to cast ballots in the country’s first multiracial parliamentary elections in history. An overwhelming majority chose the ANC to lead the country, and on May 10 Mandela was sworn in as the first black president of South Africa.
As president, Mandela established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights and political violations committed by both supporters and opponents of apartheid between 1960 and 1994. He also introduced numerous social and economic programs designed to improve the living standards of South Africa’s black population. In 1996 Mandela presided over the enactment of a new South African constitution, which established a strong central government based on majority rule and prohibited discrimination against minorities, including whites.
NELSON MANDELA’S LATER YEARS AND LEGACY
After leaving office, Nelson Mandela remained a devoted champion for peace and social justice in his own country and around the world. He established a number of organizations, including the influential Nelson Mandela Foundation and The Elders, an independent group of public figures committed to addressing global problems and easing human suffering. In 2002, Mandela became a vocal advocate of AIDS awareness and treatment programs in a culture where the epidemic had been cloaked in stigma and ignorance. The disease later claimed the life of his son Makgatho (1950-2005) and is believed to affect more people in South Africa than in any other country.
Treated for prostate cancer in 2001 and weakened by other health issues, Mandela grew increasingly frail in his later years and scaled back his schedule of public appearances. In 2009, the United Nations declared July 18 “Nelson Mandela International Day” in recognition of the South African leader’s contributions to democracy, freedom, peace and human rights around the world. Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013 from a recurring lung infection.
Bonnie and Clyde were American criminals who traveled in United States during the Great Depression, robbing banks and generally causing chaos. They were responsible for more than thirteen murders, and bank robberies that are too many to count.
Bonnie Parker was born on October 1, 1910 in Texas. She was fond of creative writing and the arts, and her poem The Story of Bonnie and Clyde .
Clyde Barrow was born on March 21, 1909, in again Texas as one of many children in a poor farming family. His life of crime began when he was arrested in 1926 for auto theft. After meeting Bonnie in 1930, he was arrested and taken to prison. His escape plan was only partially successful--he was free for a week before being caught --and so Clyde remained in jail until for 2 years.
After his release, he and Bonnie stole a car in Texas. But When they were caught , Clyde escaped and Bonnie went to prison for a few months.
The duo became the leaders of a small group of like-minded criminals. They called them Barrow Gang . Clyde's brother and his wife were also the members of the group. But after awhile , His Brother was killed and his wife captured.
They were among the first celebrity criminals of the modern era. Bonnie's poem, The Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was published in several newspapers.
In 1967 Arthur Penn directed a rather romanticized movie version of the story,
In 1967 Arthur Penn directed a rather romanticized movie version of the story,
In 1967, Arthur Penn directed a rather romanticized movie version of the tale. Bonnie and Clyde, which starred Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, was critically acclaimed to be a more glamorous image of the couple .
The Story of Bonnie and Clyde
Today at english lesson we were talking about keeping diaries. I had a diary, actually i had lots of diaries. But I never can finish them . I forget to write or my diary, or my hand hurts or i sometimes i loose my diaries. But if i think about it i really don’t need any diary: So people write on their diaries about their feelings or emotion. And why they write it . imagine your friend tells you a big secret and you don’t know what to do. You have to tell anyone or you can write it down and you will feel calm again. Now imagine it’s your secret. And you just need to tell someone. And that someone is your diary. So as i was saying people share their emotions with diaries. But why do you need a diary, if you have a friend that you can share . I think friend can do more than diary. A friend can also give you advice. That was it from my english class. I hope someday i can be able to have a diary and finish it :P
Is it necessary to choose homework?
I think it doesn't matter. When you like the language, you can learn it with homework or without it. If you really want to learn a language, you will. And I don’t think if you don’t choose homework it doesn't mean you can just sit around and do nothing. You can read a book, you can surf the internet and find activities for you. You can be the teacher of you. Well that would be fun. But doing your homework is a really good thing to. Like some people are not very responsible, for example me. I also think that the Teacher knows more that me and the teacher knows what is best for me. So i as you can see it doesn't matter, if you want to learn you will. But if you don’t then you will never learn. It’s up to you :)
King Lear by William Shakespeare (Part I)
Author: Once upon a time there lived a king whose name was Lear. He was the king of Britain. He had three daughters: Goneril, Regan and Cordelia.
One day King Lear called his daughters and said to them:
King Lear: I am very old and tired. I want to divide Britain into three parts and give one part to each of you. But first you must tell me how much you love me.
Author: Goneril and Regan were not good daughters. They did not love their father. But they were very greedy. They wanted to become queens very much. So Goneril said:
Goneril: Dear father, I love you very much. I love you more than my eyes, more than my beauty, more than my life. No child loves his father more than I love you.
Author: Then Regan spoke:
Regan: Dear father, I love you so much that I will give my life for you, I will care for you. I love you more than anything else in the world.
Author: King Lear was very glad. Then he asked his youngest daughter Cordelia to speak. She was his favourite daughter.
Cordelia loved her father very much, but she didn’t want to repeat the words of her sisters. So, she said nothing. Only when King Lear told her angrily that she must speak, she said:
Cordelia: I don’t understand why my sisters say that they love you more than anything else. They are married. Don’t they love their husbands? You are my father, and of course, I love you. But when I marry, I’ll love my husband, too.
Author: King Lear did not like Cordelia’s words. He shouted at her and said:
King Lear: Get out. I don’t want to have such a daughter. You won’t get anything.
Author: So, he divided the country between Regan and Goneril and gave Cordelia nothing.
Hi am Nanor I live in Yerevan. My favorite singer is Ariana Grande, favorite actor Debby Ryan, favorite color blue, favorite band Little mix, Black eyed peas, favorite food pizza, favorite fruit pineapple, favorite vegetable broccoli, favorite country New York, and that’s all.
My favorite singer and actor is Ariana Grande . She born in 1993 June 26. She has long hair and she is very beautiful. She born in Florida. She has 3 albums. My favorite song is Love me harder and Santa tell me. She is 22. She is very smart, beautiful and funny. Now she lives in Hollywood, she is very famous. I love her because she is very clever and her songs are very cool.
Every day I wake up and have breakfast. Then I get dressed and I go to school by bus. In bus we play games and have fun. Sometimes we just sit and we keep silence. When the classes start we sit and listen to our teacher. When classes are over I come back home. First I have dinner next I do my homework. When I finish my homework I can go out or stay at home and play games. At 10:30 0 clock I go to bed and sleep.
Oh hi Emma Where are you moving.
- To Russia and you.
- Me too.
- But the plane. hurry we’ll miss the plane.
- No why, we are not late The plane is moving at 2:00 now it’s 1:20 .
- What No my clock is 1:57.
- I think your clock is wrong.
- Ok let’s ask someone else to tell us the clock.
- Hey Sir sorry what time is it?
- Oh no we’re late Emma .
- Yes we’re.
The ghost of Genny Castle
The Colors of Christmas
During Advent, purple and sometimes blue is used in most churches fort he colour of the altar cloth (in the Russian Orthodox Church red is used for advent).
Traditions of Christmas Bells
Christmas Around the World
Christmas in Argentina
Christmas in Australia
Christmas in Austria
Christmas in Belgium
Christmas in Brazil
Christmas in Canada
Christmas in China
Christmas in Costa Rica
Christmas in Denmark
Christmas in Egypt
Christmas in France
Christmas in Germany
Christmas in Greece
Christmas in India
Christmas in Indonesia
Christmas in Hungary
Christmas in Italy
Christmas in Ireland
Christmas in Jamaica
Christmas in Japan
Christmas in Lebanon
Christmas in South Africa
Christmas in The Netherlands / Holland
Christmas in New Zealand
A CHRISTMAS DREAM
Lulu is a little polar bear who lives in an igloo on the polar ice cap.
On Christmas Eve, his eyes shining with excitement, he asks his mum:
- Mum, I’ve been good this year, haven’t I?
- Of course you have dear. You’re a very good little bear.
- Can I write my letter to Santa Claus then?
- Of course you can, replies his mum, but after that, you’ll have to go to bed, because it’s already late.
- Of course you have dear. You’re a very good little bear.
- Can I write my letter to Santa Claus then?
- Of course you can, replies his mum, but after that, you’ll have to go to bed, because it’s already late.
So Lulu gets down to work, fountain pen in paw before a blank sheet of paper.
"Dear Santa Claus,
I hope that you are well, and your little helpers too. This year, I would like:
- A long woollen scarf (I get cold on the ice cap sometimes)
- A wooden sledge
- A fishing rod
- A wooden sledge
- A fishing rod
Please! (It doesn’t matter if you can’t bring every single present)
Hugs and kisses
Hugs and kisses
After having finished his letter to Santa Claus, Lulu went to bed. But before he went off to sleep, he thought once more about what he’d written.
Of course, he’d really, really like to have all these presents. But what he’d like to do most of all would be to meet Santa Claus himself and to go for a ride in his sleigh.
Lulu dozed off, dreaming of an old man with a white beard, a huge sack full of presents and a sleigh that was as fast as the wind.
Tomorrow, he’d post his letter at the top of White Angel Hill.
The next morning, Lulu got up very early. He got his backpack ready, in which he put his letter and his lunch – it was a long journey, after all. He said goodbye to his parents and started off.
It was still cold, but the sun had started to rise over the ice pack. Far off in the distance, Lulu spied the hill. It looked like it was a million miles away! But the brave, determined little bear kept on walking, although he was already exhausted. He went a little further and then decided to have a quick break. He sat down on a little block of ice and set his backpack down next to him. The sun’s rays warmed his hands and face just a bit.
He was so tired he closed his eyelids and dropped off to sleep. When he opened them again, he was seized with panic! The sun had melted the ice, and all around him there was nothing but water, it was like being trapped on a tiny island!
The sun was starting to set. He couldn’t go back home, or go on to the hill... He sank down onto the block of ice in despair and big, fat tears trickled down his furry coat. "I’m lost. I can’t get back home and I can’t post my letter to Santa Claus."
However, just as darkness was beginning to spread over the ice cap, a light shone in the sky and a very faint jingling sound reached his ears. Lulu looked up into the starry sky.
What do you think he saw? He could hardly believe his eyes... Santa Claus’ sleigh, pulled by its team of reindeer!
Above him the sleigh began to slow down, before landing on the ice, leaving a trail of silver stars in its wake. Lulu stood open-mouthed in amazement before the man with the white beard, who said: "Are you coming, my little fellow? I’m going to take you back to your home". All his sadness and fears forgotten, Lulu climbed into the sleigh.
The little bear was dumbstruck! He – Lulu – was flying over the ocean in Santa Claus’ magnificent sleigh! He was so excited at how fast they were going, he even forgot all about his letter and the presents he wanted for Christmas. None of that mattered any more – his dream had come true!
A few minutes later, the sleigh came to a stop outside his igloo. The little bear gave Santa Claus a big hug to thank him. The old man gave him a wink and his fine scarlet woolly hat. "The pleasure was all mine, little fellow! Merry Christmas!" and quick as a flash, he disappeared into the sky.
"Darling, you’re back!" Lulu’s parents rushed towards him and held him in their arms. "We were so scared, little cub, where were you?" his dad asked.
"Santa Claus gave me a wonderful present!" the little bear replied, still all excited.
"He’s given us the best possible present to us as well" said his mum, hugging her little bear cub very tightly in her arms.
The Carol singers| A Christmas Story
Every Christmas Eve, Rob, Fred and Micky sing in front of all the inhabitants of the ice pack. In return, they get a golden star to attach to the Christmas tree. However, on this particular Christmas Eve morning, Micky gets up and starts to sneeze. "You’ll have to sing without me tonight" he said, his voice all hoarse. "Oh no!" replied his friends, we can’t do that!" But then again, it would be terribly sad for the inhabitants of the ice cap if they couldn’t have their Christmas carols this year! They had to find a solution to cure Micky, and quickly! The three friends went to see doctor Lolo. He sighed: "There’s only one way we can cure this in such a short time…""How?" cried Rob and Fred as one, as Micky gave yet another sneeze, burying his beak in his handkerchief. "The only thing that could cure this cold in a few hours is the golden seaweed to be found in the Indian Ocean" explained the doctor. "But we’re miles away from the Indian Ocean!" the little penguins said despairingly. "So no Christmas carols this year then!" sniffed Fred, letting a tear fall into the icy water. Pincho, the little icefish, was so surprised by this warm, salty drop of water that had fallen into the cold waters, suddenly popped his head out of the sea."What’s going on?" he asked. Rob and Fred told Pincho that Micky was ill and that the only thing that could make him better was the golden seaweed from the Indian Ocean. "The Indian Ocean! exclaimed Pincho. Hang on, I’ve got an idea… Give me a moment…
"And with that, the little icefish vanished back into the ice-cold water. In the depths of the Arctic Ocean, Pincho laid out his plan. There wasn’t a second to lose. With all the energy he could muster, the little fish sent signals out to all his friends all over the ocean.How proud they were to have the honour of attaching the beautiful golden star to the top of the Christmas tree once again!
The little Christmas Tree
This is the story of a little fir tree who dreamt of growing up so that he could go and be a Christmas Tree amongst the Humans. The other, older trees, knew more about life, and they told him that being a tree with the Humans wasn’t as good as all that. But the little fir tree didn’t want to believe the older trees – and he didn’t have long to wait.He was so pleased when one day some children came with their parents to choose a fir tree to decorate their living room. The children adored him at first sight.
So he was dug up, then brought into the living room, where he was hung with decorations.
After they had finished decorating him, the little fir tree shone with a thousand lights.
Christmas was getting closer and everyone admired the little Christmas Tree. The young fir tree thought: “All the bigger fir trees were wrong” and he lifted his branches even higher so people could admire him better.
Up till January, he was the prince of the living room; but then he started to lose his needles.Now nobody looked at him, touched him, or even bothered to gather up the tiny needles that fell. Then, the whole family decided to put him down into the cellar. The fir tree started to feel very sad that he had even been chosen by the family.
After several days’ wait – it seemed never-ending to him -, the little fir tree was replanted. He was so happy to be back in this good old earth that he’d missed so much during those endless days when he was shut up in the cellar!! Suddenly he understood that the family had left him in the cold of the cellar to keep him healthy.Each year, the family dug him up again to put him back into the living room. He was very happy with his new family. And yes, in the end the bigger trees were wrong about something - some humans are good after all...
The night fell heavy in the heights of the mountains and the man could not see anything. All was black. Zero visibility, and the moon and the stars were covered by the clouds. As he was climbing only a few feet away from the top of the mountain, he slipped and fell in to the air, falling at great speed. He could only see black spots as he went down, and the terrible sensation of being sucked by gravity.